Edema Treatment Clinic Questions and Answers
Swelling of the body, or edema, can occur throughout our lives for one reason or another. In many cases, it is mild and will clear up on its own but other times it will require medical attention. If you are experiencing swelling that isn’t clearing up, reach out to Viva Health Centre by giving us a call or booking an appointment online. We are conveniently located at 9580 Yonge Street Unit #6 Richmond Hill, ON L4C 1V6.
What are the main causes of edema?
Edema is the swelling of the body due to an excess amount of fluid trapped inside the tissues in the body, caused by the blood vessels in the body leaking fluid. It is not limited to one part of the body, with it being able to affect any part, however it can be most noticeable in the hands, arms, legs, ankles and feet. There are several reasons why a person develops mild edema, such as staying in one position for an extended period of time, sitting too long, too much salt in their diet, premenstrual symptoms, pregnancy or taking certain medication. Medications that can cause edema include high blood pressure medication, steroid drugs, estrogens, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some diabetes medications. Edema can also be caused by an underlying disease, typically cirrhosis of the liver, kidney disease, severe protein deficiency or congestive heart failure. The doctors at Viva Health Centre are experienced in the diagnosis and treatment of edema and will work with you to determine the cause of your swelling in order to put together the right treatment plan for you.
What are the types of edema?
There are several different types of edema:
- Peripheral edema is a type of edema that typically affects the lower limbs, including your feet, ankles and legs. It can also affect the arms and could indicate an issue in the circulatory system, kidneys or lymph nodes.
- Pedal edema is more common in older people and pregnant women and affects the lower legs and feet.
- Lymphedema occurs in the arms and legs, most often as the result of damage to the lymph nodes. This can be from damage caused by radiation or surgery for cancer treatment.
- Cerebral edema is very serious and dangerous as it causes fluid to build up in the brain. It is caused by a hard blow to the head, blocked blood vessels, tumors or some allergic reactions.
- Macular edema affects the eye, specifically the macula in the center of the retina. This is caused by fluid leaking from damaged blood vessels in the retina.
The doctors at Viva Health Centre can examine your swelling to determine what type of edema you are experiencing to determine the proper treatment for you.
When should I be concerned about edema?
Many mild cases of edema are usually not cause for concern and can be managed and treated with medications or through lifestyle and diet changes. In some cases, however, edema can be a sign of a more serious condition that requires medical attention. Patients who experience swelling, shiny or stretched skin or dimples that stay in the skin after it has been pressed should make an appointment with their doctor, such as the doctors at Viva Health Centre in order to properly diagnose their swelling as a mild case or something to be more concerned about. A trip to the doctor may also be needed if you experience leg pain and swelling that won’t go away following a long period of sitting. A pulmonary edema requires immediate medical attention, with symptoms including shortness of breath, chest pain and difficulty breathing. Patients with these symptoms need to get emergency medical care.
What treatment is available for edema?
Edema is a treatable condition, either through diet and lifestyle changes, or through the use of medication. By reducing the amount of salt in your diet or taking a medication that helps to remove excess fluid, most individuals can experience relief from symptoms. When edema is the result of an underlying disease, the individual will require treatment for the disease itself as opposed to treating the edema symptoms. The doctors and medical staff at Viva Health Centre are experienced and knowledgeable in diagnosing and treating all different types of Edemas. Reach out to them today to book an appointment. We serve patients from Richmond Hill ON, Vaughan ON, Cherry ON, Oak Ridges ON, Bayview Glen ON, and Markham ON.