Pre-Diabetes Management Specialist in Richmond Hill ON

Pre-Diabetes Management Specialist in Richmond Hill ON

Learn more about the benefits of pre-diabetes management and how it will help you live a longer and healthier life. Call us today or visit us online to book an appointment at Viva Health Centres. We are conveniently located at 9580 Yonge Street Unit #6 Richmond Hill, ON L4C 1V6.

Pre-Diabetes Management Specialist Near Me in Richmond Hill ON
Pre-Diabetes Management Specialist Near Me in Richmond Hill ON

Table of Contents:

What is prediabetes?
What are the symptoms of prediabetes?
What are the causes and risk factors of prediabetes?
What tests may a doctor do to diagnose prediabetes?

What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes, also known as borderline diabetes, is a condition in which your blood glucose (sugar) levels are higher than usual, though they are not high enough to warrant an official diagnosis of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is almost always preceded by prediabetes, as this chronic condition is progressive.

Typically, as your food is broken down to its essential components, various glands will release chemicals in order to make these components useful. The presence of glucose in the blood, absorbed from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract during digestion, signals the pancreas to produce insulin, which allows the cells of your body to use glucose for energy. In the case of type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the effects of insulin, and your blood glucose levels (BGL) remain high.

Many patients with prediabetes do not experience symptoms, and if they do, their experience is often mild. For this reason, prediabetes is often diagnosed accidentally through laboratory tests related to other conditions or routine exams.

Of the Canadian adult population, an estimated ten to thirteen percent have prediabetes. Luckily, if prediabetes is caught early, it can be effectively treated and possibly reversed before developing into type 2 diabetes.

What are the symptoms of prediabetes?

Prediabetes is believed to be underdiagnosed as most patients with the condition do not see any signs. Symptoms of prediabetes are the same as what is seen in type 2 diabetes, though they are much less severe. Early indicators include an intense thirst and the need to urinate more frequently.

You may also notice an increase in appetite. In addition, those with prediabetes may feel unexplained fatigue and reduced concentration ability. Blurry vision and numbness in the hands and feet are two other signs of developing diabetes. As the body becomes more resistant to insulin and glucose can no longer be used, you will likely notice skin changes.

These changes include darkened areas, especially around the armpits and groin, and other areas where the skin folds, slower healing wounds, and recurring infections. Lastly, you may also notice unintended weight loss. This occurs when the body begins to break down fat and muscle for an energy source, as glucose is unavailable.

What are the causes and risk factors of prediabetes?

The cause of type 2 diabetes and prediabetes is still unknown. However, with the results of recent research, it is theorized to be an autoimmune condition in which the body’s defence mechanism attacks its own cells.

Many risk factors are associated with prediabetes, some of which can be managed to reduce the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. A sedentary lifestyle and a diet consisting of high amounts of refined sugar (ex., soft drinks, candy, etc.) and red or processed meat (ex., steak, sausage, and cured meat) are considered risk factors. It is important to take note of your cholesterol and triglyceride levels as well.

High amounts of low-density lipoproteins (LDL), also known as “bad cholesterol,” and low quantities of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), also known as “good cholesterol,” are linked with insulin resistance and are also a significant risk factor for heart disease. Further, a high level of triglycerides, a type of lipid (fat), is associated with a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes.

Other risk factors for prediabetes include: being over the age of forty-five, being male, or having family members with type 2 diabetes. Numerous ethnicities also see an increased risk for prediabetes, most significantly the Indigenous population in Canada.

Certain medical conditions also increase the likelihood of prediabetes, such as gestational diabetes (during pregnancy), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), heart disease, and sleep disorders.

What tests may a doctor do to diagnose prediabetes?

Generally, two kinds of blood tests are performed to measure the amount of sugar in the blood. A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test may be done, in which the blood is tested after the patient hasn’t eaten for eight hours beforehand. Normally, your blood glucose level (BGL) will measure less than 100 mg/dL; in a diabetic patient, this test would yield a result of over 126 mg/dL.

Prediabetes is diagnosed when this measurement falls between 100 and 125 mg/dL. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) may be ordered instead of an FPG test to diagnose prediabetes, as it is more sensitive. In this procedure, an FPG will be performed first; then, a second test will be conducted two hours after ingesting a sugary drink.

The two tests allow for comparison and show how well the body digests the sugar. The second test should result in a measurement of 140 mg/dL or less; a diabetic patient would see a reading of 200 mg/dL or more. Prediabetes is diagnosed when the result falls between 140 and 199 mg/dL.

Our well-educated team of doctors here at Viva Health Centre is dedicated to helping you optimize your quality of life and treat any condition you are experiencing. We are specialized in diabetes and many other fields and are ready to hear from you to start your journey of wellness. So please, give us a call, or book an appointment online. We look forward to serving you. We serve patients from Richmond Hill ON, Vaughan ON, Oak Ridges, ON, Bayview Glen ON, Markham ON, and surrounding areas.